Psilocybe Cubensis was officially identified by R. Gordon Wasson, former Vice President of J.P. Morgan Chase and a hobbyist mycologist. In 1957 he wrote an article published in Life magazine entitled "Seeking the Magic Mushroom", in which he described his psilocybin experience during a shamanic ceremony. Wasson was traveling in Mexico when he met a famed shaman, Maria Sabina, who agreed to let him take part in the ceremony, the first time a "westerner" had been allowed to do so. Wasson returned from this trip with a sample of the mushrooms and sent them to Albert Hoffman, the Swiss chemist credited with the discovery of LSD, who cataloged the existence of 4 psychoactive compounds contained by the mushroom. These compounds and their approximate concentration are psilocybin (0.65%), psilocin (0.60%), baeocysin (0.025%) and norbaeocystin (negligible). P. Cubensis is arguably the most common species and certainly the easiest to cultivate. In nature they are a moderatly potent species however extensive genetic isolation performed by many both amateur and professional mycologists has exponentially raised the potency of the species. Drastic differences in both appearance and potency can be found in the over 60 cataloged "strains" with some, notably Penis Envy containing up to 50% higher levels of psilocybin/psilocin
Do you want to learn how to grow mushrooms? There are many ways to accomplish growing mushrooms for yourself, but all methods of mushroom growing begin with either a mushroom spore syringe, a mushroom liquid culture syringe, a mushroom spore print, mushroom spawn, or using a mushroom grow kit.
There are millions of different mushroom species, all which require different environmental conditions to grow optimally, and unfortunately if you are trying to grow mushrooms in Canada you are quite limited unless you grow mushrooms indoors.
Fortunately a Canadian company called Spores Lab has designed both easy to use mushroom growing products (like ready to use mushroom grow kits, pre-mixed mushroom substrates, laboratory formulas, etc) and also offers in-depth video tutorials teaching you exactly how to grow mushrooms! (They also have specialized tutorials for using their mushroom growing kits) Moreover, they offer consultation services that are specifically aimed at teaching people how to grow mushrooms commercially! If you have any questions about growing, including growing magic mushrooms, they are the people to talk ask!
n addition to being the leaders in customer service, helping people all over canada grow magic mushrooms, Spores Lab also provides exceptional quality Psilocybe shroom genetics, offered in several formats like mushroom spores (spore syringes and spore prints), magic mushroom spawn, shroom liquid culture, and magic mushroom grow kits. Whether you want to buy mushroom spores, buy spawn, buy a magic mushroom grow kit, or buy liquid culture, Spores Lab is the place to get it.
There are a few different options for a magic mushroom growing kit, but the easiest for a beginner (that also does not require a pressure cooker) is the Master Culture shroom Grow kit, that comes with already colonized spawn. Another option is the spore syringe grow kit, which does require a pressure cooker. All of the magic mushroom growing kits that spores lab offers come with a detailed instruction manual!
There are also many options if you do not want to buy a magic mushroom kit, and want to buy a “regular” mushroom grow kit. These gourmet mushroom growing kit products are offered in Lions Mane, Oyster, and Shiitake.
If you want to learn more about Psilocybe mushrooms, or just mushrooms in general, we highly recommend checking out the Spores Lab website, which in addition to a wide range of products also features information on many aspects of mushrooms, like - The mushroom life cycle, the history of Fungi, the history of Psychedelic fungi, common growing methods (often called mushroom growing teks), common growing mediums, growing medium recipes, video tutorials, written tutorials, information on mushroom anatomy, species, and strains, and much more!
Psilocybe cubensis, like all mushrooms of the Psilocybe genus, have a hygrophanous nature, meaning their coloration shifts depending on hydration levels, however it is important to note that this trait is less pronounced in the P. cubensis species. They turn a bluish color when handled or bruised, due to the oxidization of psilocin. The underside of the pileus is densely gilled, and they possess a thin gelatinous veil (pellicle) separating the pileus and stipe.
Pileus (caps) generally measure from 15-80mm in diameter. Early in the fruiting cycle they are often concical opening to broadly convex, frequently with a central umbo (bump) that remains as the cap opens out, becoming almost plane in maturity. Pileus coloration ranges from reddish cinnamon brown in young fruiting bodies and fades to a golden caramel or pale yellow when mature. Caps are sometimes darker at the centre, and speckled or mottled white throughout.
Lamella (gills) on the underside of the cap are moderately crowded, narrow at margins and slightly enlarged in the centre. Starting out pale greyish, they gradually darken and by full maturity become a purplish brown, often retaining paler at the edges. Lamella show through as lines or striations on the outer part of the cap when fresh and under favourable lighting conditions.
Stipe (stem/stalk) ranges from 40-150mm long and 5-15mm thick, and thickens towards the base in most strains (Transkei cubensis being a notable exception to this). Often the stipe is slightly curved, however relatively stiff and non-pliable. Whitish in colour, sometimes discoloured near the base and discolours slightly yellowish when dry. Also will quickly bruise blue when handled fresh. The stipe surface is smooth and often striated near the apex, above the annular zone. The base is frequently covered with white fluffy mycelial tufts.
Spores Dark purplish to brown when deposited and darkening with age, subellipsoid shape. Microscopic size ranging from 11.5-17 x 8-11 micrometers
Psilocybe Cubensis has a farinaceous (similar to freshly ground flour) odor and taste.
Psilocybe Cubensis, unlike most other Psilocybe members who prefer lichenous substrate, is found in nature fruiting on the dung of various bovines, or on well manured grounds. It has a well established natural range and has been observed throughout the southwestern United States, Mexico, Cuba, Central America, South America, India, Southeast Asia, and Australia.
Psilocybe cubensis can be observed in nature as visually congruent to the description above, however under artificial conditions it can be drastically different in appearance and effect. It has been favoured for decades among mycologists and cultivators because it is highly adaptable to a range of environments and more resistant to contamination than other Psilocybes. This specie as undergone extensive genetic isolation over the course of many decades, and therefore has artificially evolved increased potency and drastically varied visual characteristics. There now exist over 60 distinct Psilocybe Cubensis "strains"